ᓄᓇᕕᒃ

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ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᓴᐃᒻᒪᑎᖓ
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ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᑯᐸᐃᒃ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ, ᑲᓇᑕ, ᑲᑎᕕᒃ, ᐃᓚᖓ ᓅᑦ−ᑯᐸᐃᒃ. ᓄᓇ 443,684.71 ᑭᑉᐹᕆᒃᑐᑦ ᑭᓚᒦᑕᑦ ᐅᐊᖕᓇᖓᓂ 55-ᖓᓂ ᓴᓂᓕᕇᒃᑐᑦ, ᓄᓇᒋᔭᐅᕗᖅ ᐃᓄᖕᓄᑦ ᑯᐸᐃᖕᒥ. ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂ 12,090 ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑎᐅᔪᑦ (2011 ᓈᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ), 90% ᐃᓅᕗᑦ.[1]

ᐱᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᕙᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ[ᓱᖁᓯᖅᐹ ᐃᓚ | edit source]

ᐃᓱᒫᓘᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑐᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᓄᓇᖁᑎᒋᓂᕋᖅᑕᖓ ᖁᑦᑎᒃᑐᒥᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᒃᑐᒥᑦ ᓅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᕗᖅ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᖏᑦ ᖃᔅᓯᒐᓚᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᑦ ᖃᑕᙳᑎᒌᓂᑦ ᐊᐅᓪᓚᖁᔨᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᓄᓇᕕᖕᒥᑦ 1950−ᖏᓐᓂᑦ. ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒧᐊᖅᑎᑕᐅᒃᑲᓐᓂᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ, ᓇᐹᖅᑐᖃᙱᑦᑐᒥᑦ ᕼᐋᒻᒪᓚᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᐅᓱᐃᑦᑐᒥᑦ ᖃᐅᓱᐃᑦᑐᒥᓪᓗ ᒫᓐᓇ ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᓴᖅᑭᔮᖅᑎᑦᑎᓇᓱᒃᖢᑎᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᒪᓕᒐᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔮᖓᓂᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᓇᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᓐᓇᓗ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓪᓗᑎᒃ ᓇᖕᒥᓂᖃᕐᓂᕐᒥᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᒃᑐᒥᑦ ᐃᓄᒋᐊᒃᓯᕚᓪᓕᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᐅᓇᑕᕕᒡᔪᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ 8−ᓂᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᓄᖕᓂᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᔪᐊᕐᒥᑦ (ᐅᖓᕙᐅᑉ ᓄᕗᐊᓂᑦ) ᓅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᐊᖏᕐᕋᖅᑖᕐᓂᐊᕐᓂᕋᖅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒋᐊᖁᔭᐅᓪᓗᑎᒃ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᓄᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓪᓗᑕᖃᙱᒋᐊᖓ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᒪᓗᐊᕋᑎᒃ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ.[2] ᐅᖃᐅᔾᔭᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᐅᑎᖅᑎᑕᐅᓂᐊᕐᓂᕋᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᐊᖏᕐᕋᒧᑦ ᓄᓇᕕᒻᒧᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍ ᐊᑕᐅᓯᖅ ᐊᓂᒍᖅᐸᑦ ᐱᔪᒪᓐᓂᖅᐸᑕ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐲᖅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᖅ ᓱᕋᐃᒐᔭᕐᒪᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᓄᓇᖁᑎᖓᓂᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᑦᑐᒥ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑕᐃᑲᓃᒋᐊᖃᖅᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ. ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒻᒪᓐ, ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᑦᑎᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ ᕿᓚᓗᒐᐃᑦ ᑕᒡᔪᐊᕐᕕᒋᕙᒃᑕᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᓐᓇᐅᒪᔪᓐᓇᓚᐅᖅᖢᑎᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ, ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒍᓐᓇᖅᖢᑎᒃ 18,000 ᑭᓚᒦᑕᓂᒃ2(6,900 ᑭᑉᐹᕆᒃᓯᓕᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᒦᑕ) ᐊᕐᕌᒍᑕᒫᑦ.[3]

1993-ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᖏᑦ ᓈᓚᓐᓂᖃᓚᐅᕐᒪᑕ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑐᑎᒃ ᓄᒃᑎᖅᑎᕆᓂᕐᒧᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒥᒃ. ᑯᐃᓐ ᑭᒡᒐᖅᑐᖅᑎᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᖃᖅᑳᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᓕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᒃᑲᓐᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᑕᐃᔭᐅᔪᒥᒃ ᖁᑦᑎᒃᑐᒥ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒥ ᓄᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᓂᖓ: ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅ 1953-55 ᓄᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ (ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ: The High Arctic Relocation: A Report on the 1953–55 Relocation)[4] ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᑭᓖᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ $10 ᒥᓕᐊᓐᓂᒃ ᑲᓇᑕᐅᑉ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᕿᒪᒃᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓄᑦ ᐃᓚᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ, ᒪᒥᐊᓕᑕᐃᓐᓇᖅᖢᑎᒡᓗ 2010-ᒥ.[5] ᒥᓚᓂ ᒪᒃᒍᕌᑦ-ᒥ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᑐᖅ ᐊᑯᓐᓂᐊᓗᒃ: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐊᓐᓄᕋᐃᑦ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᓐᓇᐅᒪᓇᓱᓐᓂᖏᑦ ᖁᑦᑎᒃᑐᒥ (The Long Exile: A Tale of Inuit Betrayal and Survival in the High Arctic)[6]

ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᐊᓯᖏᓪᓗ ᐃᓚᖏᑦ ᑯᐸᐃᒃ ᑕᕐᕋᖓᓂ ᐃᓚᒋᔭᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᑉ 1870-ᒥᑦ 1912-ᒧᑦ. 1912-ᒥ ᑯᐸᐃᒃᒧᑦ ᓅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᕗᖅ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᒥᑭᑦᑐᑯᓗᖕᒥ ᐱᓕᕆᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ 1960−ᖏᓐᓂ.[7] 1960-ᖏᓐᓂ, ᕆᓂ ᓕᕕᔅᒃ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖃᒻᒪᕆᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐊᖏᓪᓕᒋᐊᕆᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᑰᓐᓂᒃ ᓯᒥᑦᑐᐃᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᕕᑦᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᓂ. ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᐅᔪᖅ ᐊᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᖅ "ᓅᕕ-ᑯᐸᐃᒃ", ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᓄᓇᐃᑦ ᐊᑎᖏᑦ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑑᖓᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᐳᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᓴᐃᓂᖅ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑐᑦ ᓯᐊᒻᒪᒃᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓂᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᐅᔪᓂᑦ. ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᑎᒌᖏᓐᓂᐅᔪᖅ ᐃᓚᖃᓚᐅᖅᐳᖅ ᔭᐃᒻᔅ ᕙᐃᒥ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᒥᒃ ᓴᖅᑮᓚᐅᖅᐳᖅ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐹᒥ ᒐᕙᒪᓕᕆᓂᕐᒥᑦ ᐋᖅᑮᓂᕐᒥᑦ ᐃᓄᓐᓂᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᑯᐸᐃᑉ ᑕᕐᕋᖓᓂ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᒃᑯᖏᓐᓂ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᓵᓚᖃᕋᓱᐊᓚᐅᖅᑐᖅ ᔭᐃᒥᓯ ᕙᐃᒥ ᐊᒻᒪ ᑯᐸᐃᑉ ᑕᕐᕋᖓᓂ ᐊᖏᕈᒻᒥᑦ. ᑖᓐᓇ ᐊᖏᕈᑎᐅᔪᖅ ᓴᖅᑮᕗᖅ ᓯᕗᓪᓕᖅᐹᒥ ᐃᖅᑲᖅᑐᐃᕕᒃᑯᑎᒎᕈᑕᐅᓂᐊᖅᑐᒥᒃ ᓄᓇᕕᒻᒥᒃ ᑯᐸᐃᒻᒥ.

ᓄᓇᓕᕆᓂᖅ[ᓱᖁᓯᖅᐹ ᐃᓚ | edit source]

ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᐊᕕᔅᓯᒪᒻᒪᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒻᒥ ᕼᐊᑦᓴᓐ ᐸᐃᒧᑦ ᐱᖓᓐᓇᕐᒧᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᕼᐊᑦᓴᓐ ᐃᑭᕋᓴᐅᑉ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᖔᕙ ᑲᖏᖅᖢᒻᒧᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᒧᑦ. 55-ᒋᔭᖓ ᓴᓂᓕᕇᓕᖅᑎᖦᖢᒍ ᔮᒥᓯᒥᑦ, ᓂᒋᕐᒧᑦ; ᑲᑎᖦᖢᒋᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᐊ ᒪᕐᕉᒃ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔾᔪᑕᐅᕗᑦ ᓅᑦ−ᑑ−ᑯᐸᐃᒃᒥ. ᓂᒋᖅᐸᓯᐊᓂ ᓄᓇᕕᐅᑉ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕝᕕᐅᔪᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᐅᔪᓂ Côte-Nord ᐊᒻᒪ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᓂ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᐅᔪᓂ ᓂᐅᕙᐅᓐᓛᓐ ᐊᒻᒪ ᓛᐸᑐᐊᒥ . ᐅᖓᕙᐅᑉ ᓄᕗᐊᓂ ᓄᓇᕕᒃ 2/3−ᖑᕗᖅ.

ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᕕᖓ ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᕗᖅ ᑰᔾᔪᐊᕐᒥ, ᑰᒃᓱᒃ ᑰᑉ ᑰᖓᓂ, ᐅᖔᑉ ᐃᒪᖓᑕ ᓂᒋᐊᓂ. ᐊᓯᖏᑦ ᓄᓇᓖᑦ ᐃᓄᔾᔪᐊᖅ, ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ, ᐳᕕᕐᓂᑦᑐᖅ ᐊᒻᒪ ᑲᖏᖅᓱᐊᓗᔾᔪᐊᖅ.

ᐊᖅᑯᑎᑕᖃᖏᑦᑐᖅ ᓄᓇᕕᒃ ᐊᒻᒪ ᓂᒋᖅᐸᓯᐊᓄᑦ ᑯᐸᐃᒃ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᖓ 55-ᖓᓂ ᓴᓂᓕᕇᑦ, ᑭᓪᓕᖓᓂ ᑲᓂᐊᐱᔅᑰ ᐃᒥᖅᑕᕐᕕᖓᓂ, 100 ᑭᓛᒥᑕᔅᒥᑦ ᑰᔾᔪᐊᕐᒥᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᖓ ᓛ ᐸᐃ ᔭᐃᒥᓯ, 250 ᑭᓛᒥᑕᔅ ᒪᕐᕈᓕᕋᓛᒥᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᖓᑕ Whapmagoostui ᐊᒻᒪ ᑰᔾᔪᐊᕌᐱᒃ, ᑲᓇᕐᓇᖓᓂ ᑕᓯᐅᔭᕐᔪᐊᑉ. ᖃᖓᑕᓲᖅᑕᖃᕋᔪᒃᑐᖅ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᕐᕌᒎᑉ ᐃᓚᖓᓂ ᐃᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᑲᑎᙵᑎᑦᑎᕙᒃᖢᑎᒃ (ᐊᐅᔭᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᒻᒪ ᐊᐅᔭᒃᑯᑦ).

ᓇᑭᙶᕐᕕᒃ[ᓱᖁᓯᖅᐹ ᐃᓚ | edit source]

  1. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/analysis/aboriginal/inuit.cfm
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20081228115824/http://www.grisefiord.ca/eng/history.html
  3. McGrath, Melanie. The Long Exile: A Tale of Inuit Betrayal and Survival in the High Arctic. Alfred A. Knopf, 2006 (268 ᒪᑉᐱᑕᖅ) Hardcover: ISBN 0-00-715796-7 Paperback: ISBN 0-00-715797-5
  4. http://www.fedpubs.com/subject/aborig/arctic_reloc.htm
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20100821101338/http://www.cbc.ca/canada/north/story/2010/08/18/apology-inuit-relocation.html
  6. Alfred A. Knopf, 2006 (268 ᒪᑉᐱᑕᖅ) Hardcover: ISBN 0-00-715796-7 Paperback: ISBN 0-00-715797-5
  7. http://worldcat.org/oclc/967787917

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